NEET Syllabus 2025, 2026 - Download PDF by NTA, NMC

Complete NEET-UG Syllabus of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Class 11 & 12 NEET Syllabus with Weightage

NEET-UG Syllabus.

The NEET syllabus was reduced (many topics deleted, some new added) by the NMC and NTA for NEET-UG 2024. The NEET 2025 and 2026 syllabus will be similar to NEET 2024. Here we are providing you the complete NEET syllabus of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. NEET 2025 and 2026 aspirants should follow the syllabus given in this page. NEET syllabus was prepared after the review of various State syllabi as well as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT and COBSE.

NEET Reduced Syllabus (Download PDF)

NEET-UG reduced syllabus released by NMC and confirmed by NTA : Download PDF

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NEET 2025 syllabus

NEET 2025 syllabus is expected to be the same as the existing NEET syllabus (given below). NEET 2025 aspirants should study as per the NEET syllabus from the start of their preparation. Some of the NEET reference books have additional topics which are not included in the NEET syllabus. Candidates should avoid these topics and focus on the prescribed NEET syllabus.

NEET Syllabus 2025, 2026 [Table of Contents]

Note : New topics added to NEET syllabus are shown in green while deleted topics from the NEET syllabus are striked through in Red.

NEET 2025 Syllabus Physics

NEET Physics Syllabus Class 11, 12

NEET Physics Syllabus Class 11

  • UNIT 1: Physical World and Measurement

    • 1.1 Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
    • 1.2 Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; least count, significant figures.
    • 1.3 Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
  • UNIT 2: Kinematics

    • 2.1 Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
    • 2.2 Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; Scalars and Vectors, addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
    • 2.3 Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.
    • 2.4 Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.
  • UNIT 3: Laws of Motion

    • 3.1 Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
    • 3.2 Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
    • 3.3 Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).
  • UNIT 4: Work, Energy and Power

    • 4.1 Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
    • 4.2 Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
  • UNIT 5: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body [Rotational Motion]

    • 5.1 Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
    • 5.2 Basic concepts of rotational motion; Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
    • 5.3 Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  • UNIT 6: Gravitation

    • 6.1 Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
    • 6.2 Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites. time period and energy of a satellite.
  • UNIT 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids

    • 7.1 Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
    • 7.2 Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
    • 7.3 Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
    • 7.4 Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
    • 7.5 Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
    • 7.6 Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.
  • UNIT 8: Thermodynamics

    • 8.1 Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
    • 8.2 Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.
  • UNIT 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases

    • 9.1 Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
    • 9.2 Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; RMS speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro's number.
  • UNIT 10: Oscillations and Waves

    • 10.1 Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
    • 10.2 Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

NEET Physics Syllabus Class 12

  • UNIT 11: Electrostatics

    • 11.1 Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
    • 11.2 Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
    • 11.3 Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
    • 11.4 Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
    • 11.5 Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.
  • UNIT 12: Current Electricity

    • 12.1 Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity
    • 12.2 Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
    • 12.3 Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
    • 12.4 Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
    • 12.5 Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
  • UNIT 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

    • 13.1 Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
    • 13.2 Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
    • 13.3 Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
    • 13.4 Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
    • 13.5 Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
    • 13.6 Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets. Effect of temperature on Magnetic Properties.
  • UNIT 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

    • 14.1 Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
    • 14.2 Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
    • 14.3 AC generator and transformer.
  • UNIT 15: Electromagnetic Waves

    • 15.1 Need for displacement current.
    • 15.2 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
    • 15.3 Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
  • UNIT 16: Optics

    • 16.1 Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
    • 16.2 Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
    • 16.3 Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
    • 16.4 Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
    • 16.5 Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
    • 16.6 Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
    • 16.7 Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
    • 16.8 Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
    • 16.9 Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
  • UNIT 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

    • 17.1 Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
    • 17.2 Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).
  • UNIT 18: Atoms and Nuclei

    • 18.1 Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
    • 18.2 Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
  • UNIT 19: Electronic Devices

    • 19.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
  • UNIT 20: Experimental Skills

    • Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
      1. Vernier callipers-its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
      2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.
      3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
      4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by principle of moments.
      5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
      6. Surf ace tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
      7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body,
      8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube,
      9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
      10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
      11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.
      12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
      13. The focal length of; (i) Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror, and (ii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.
      14. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
      15. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
      16. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
      17. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
      18. Identification of Diode. LED, Transistor. IC. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.

NEET 2025 Syllabus Chemistry

NEET Chemistry Syllabus Class 11, 12

NEET Physical Chemistry Syllabus

  • UNIT 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

    • 1.1 General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.
    • 1.2 Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
    • 1.3 Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
  • UNIT 2: Structure of Atom

    • 2.1 Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.
  • UNIT 3: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    • 3.1 Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds, Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, Fajan's rule, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Elementary idea of metallic bonding, Hydrogen bond.
  • UNIT 4: Chemical Thermodynamics

    • 4.1 Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes
    • 4.2 First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ∆U and ∆H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
    • 4.3 Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
    • 4.4 Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.
  • UNIT 5: Solutions

    • 5.1 Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.
  • UNIT 6: Equilibrium

    • 6.1 Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
  • UNIT 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

    • 7.1 Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.
    • 7.2 Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.
  • UNIT 8: Chemical Kinetics

    • 8.1 Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, Pressure, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

NEET Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus

  • UNIT 9: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

    • 9.1 Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence.
  • UNIT 10: p-Block Elements

    • 10.1 General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
    • 10.2 Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
    • 10.3 General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
    • 10.4 Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.
    • 10.5 Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
    • 10.6 Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
    • 10.7 Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
    • 10.8 Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
  • UNIT 11: d and f Block Elements

    • 11.1 Transition Elements : General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
    • 11.2 Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
    • 11.3 Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
  • UNIT 12: Coordination Compounds

    • 12.1 Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

NEET Organic Chemistry Syllabus

  • UNIT 13: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

    • 13.1 Purification - Crystallisation. sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography - principles and their applications
    • 13.2 Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens
    • 13.3 Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
    • 13.4 Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis
  • UNIT 14: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

    • 14.1 Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
    • 14.2 Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
  • UNIT 15: Hydrocarbons

    • Classification of isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions
    • 15.1 Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
    • 15.2 Alkenes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
    • 15.3 Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
    • 15.4 Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
  • UNIT 16: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

    • 16.1 Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
    • 16.2 Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).
    • 16.3 Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
  • UNIT 17: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

    • 17.1 Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
    • 17.2 Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
    • 17.3 Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.
    • 17.4 Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
    • 17.5 Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
  • UNIT 18: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

    • 18.1 Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
    • 18.2 Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
    • 18.3 Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
  • UNIT 19: Biomolecules

    • 19.1 Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
    • 19.2 Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
    • 19.3 Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
    • 19.4 Vitamins- Classification and function.
    • 19.5 Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
  • UNIT 20: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

    • Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, sulphur, halogens), in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional group, hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.
      The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
      Inorganic compounds: Mohr's salt. potash alum
      Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform
      The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises - Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalic-acid vs KMnO4. Mohr's salt vs KMnO4
      Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis
      Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
      1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
      2. Enthalpy of neutralisation of strong acid and strong base
      3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols
      4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Complete Chapters Removed from NEET Chemistry

  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

    • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
    • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).
  • Hydrogen

    • Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure;
  • s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

    • Group I and group 2 elements:
    • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
    • Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
    • Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium.
    • Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.
  • Environmental Chemistry

    • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.
  • Solid State

    • Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

    • Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

    • Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
  • Polymers

    • Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

    • Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
    • Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
    • Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

NEET 2025 Syllabus Biology

NEET Biology Syllabus Class 11, 12

NEET Biology Syllabus Class 11

  • UNIT 1: Diversity in Living World

    • 1.1 What is living? ; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
    • 1.2 Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
    • 1.3 Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category) Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples).
    • 1.4 Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples).
  • UNIT 2: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

    • 2.1 Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus). Family (malvaceae, Cruciferae, leguminoceae, compositae, graminae)
    • 2.2 Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect and a frog. (Brief account only)
  • UNIT 3: Cell Structure and Function

    • 3.1 Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
    • 3.2 Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action. Classification and nomenclature of enzymes
    • 3.3 B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.
  • UNIT 4: Plant Physiology

    • 4.1 Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
    • 4.2 Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
    • 4.3 Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
    • 4.4 Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
    • 4.5 Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism
  • UNIT 5: Human Physiology

    • 5.1 Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
    • 5.2 Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
    • 5.3 Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of 38 cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
    • 5.4 Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
    • 5.5 Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
    • 5.6 Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
    • 5.7 Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease).
      (Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)

NEET Biology Syllabus Class 12

  • UNIT 6: Reproduction

    • 6.1 Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
    • 6.2 Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
    • 6.3 Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
    • 6.4 Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
  • UNIT 7: Genetics and Evolution

    • 7.1 Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism-Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
    • 7.2 Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation-Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing, Protein biosynthesis.
    • 7.3 Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolutionVariation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.
  • UNIT 8: Biology and Human Welfare

    • 8.1 Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm, Dengue, Chikungunya); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
    • 8.2 Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
    • 8.3 Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
  • UNIT 9: Biotechnology and Its Applications

    • 9.1 Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
    • 9.2 Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
  • UNIT 10: Ecology and environment

    • 10.1 Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
    • 10.2 Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
    • 10.3 Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
    • 10.4 Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

NEET 2025 Syllabus with Weightage

By knowing the NEET 2025 syllabus with weightage, candidates will be able to know the important topics and chapters which they need to study to crack NEET exam.

NEET 2025 Physics Syllabus with Weightage

NEET Physics Chapter-wise Weightage
Chapter Name Average Number of Questions Weightage
Laws of Motion 3 7%
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 3 7%
Thermodynamics 3 7%
Current Electricity 3 6%
Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism 3 6%
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials,Devices and Simple Circuits 3 6%
Ray Optics & Optical Instrument 3 5%
Atoms & Nuclei 2 5%
Work, Energy and Power 2 4%
Waves 2 4%
Wave optics 2 4%
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2 4%
Gravitation 2 3%
Mechanical Properties of Solids & Fluids 2 3%
Properties of Bulk Matter 1 3%
Oscillations 1 3%
Electrostatics 1 3%
Alternating Currents 1 3%
Units and Measurement 1 2%
Kinematics (Motion in a straight line, Motion in a Plane) 1 2%
Thermal Properties of Matter 1 2%
Kinetic Theory 1 2%
Electric Charges & Fields 1 2%
Electrostatic Potential & Capacitance 1 2%
Electromagnetic Induction 1 2%
Center of Mass (System of Particles and Rotational Motion) 1 1%
Rotational motion (System of Particles and Rotational Motion) 1 1%
Electromagnetic Waves 1 1%

NEET 2025 Chemistry Syllabus with Weightage

NEET Chemistry Chapter-wise Weightage
Chapter Name Average Number of Questions Weightage
Inorganic Chemistry
Chemical Bonding 4 9%
p-block 3 7%
Coordination Compounds 3 6%
Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 2 4%
d-block & f-block Elements 2 4%
s-block 1 3%
Hydrogen 1 2%
Metallurgy 1 2%
Qualitative Analysis 1 2%
Organic Chemistry
Aromatic Compounds 3 6%
General Organic Chemistry 2 5%
Hydrocarbons 2 4%
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether 2 4%
Biomolecules 2 4%
Carbonyl Compounds 2 4%
IUPAC & Isomerism 2 4%
Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids 2 3%
Organic Compounds containing nitrogen 2 3%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 2 3%
Haloalkane 1 2%
Polymer 1 2%
Environmental chemistry 1 2%
Practical Organic Chemistry 1 2%
Physical Chemistry
Mole Concept 2 5%
Ionic Equilibrium 2 4%
Chemical Kinetics 2 4%
Solution & Colligative Properties 2 4%
Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry 1 3%
Chemical Equilibrium 1 3%
Gaseous State 1 3%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 1 3%
Electrochemistry 1 3%
Solid State 1 3%
Redox Reactions 1 2%
Surface Chemistry 1 2%

NEET 2025 Biology Syllabus with Weightage

NEET Biology Chapter-wise Weightage
Chapter Name Average Number of Questions Weightage
Genetics and Evolution 15 24%
Ecology and Environment 10 16%
Plant Physiology 8 13%
Plant Diversity 7 12%
Cell Structure & Function 6 10%
Plant Reproduction 5 9%
Morphology of Flowering Plants 4 7%
Plant Anatomy 2 4%
Bio-molecule 2 3%
Human Physiology 13 45%
Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health 5 18%
Animal Kingdom 3 10%
Origin & Evolution 3 10%
Human Health & Diseases 3 9%
Structural Organisation in Animals 2 5%
Animal husbandry 1 3%
Biology and Human Welfare 1 2%

NEET 2025 Syllabus - FAQs

Will NEET 2025 syllabus be reduced?

NEET 2025 syllabus is expected to be the same as the NEET 2024 syllabus, which is reduced by NMC, considering the reduction of syllabus by various boards including CBSE, ICSE and State Boards. New NCERT textbooks could be another reason for reduction in NEET syllabus.

How many chapters are there in NEET 2025 syllabus?

There are a total of 79 chapters in the NEET 2025 syllabus covering all 3 subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Previously, NEET-UG syllabus included 97 chapters.

What are the important chapters in NEET syllabus?

Many students who start their NEET preparation late have a lack of time to complete the full syllabus. They can try to cover important chapters in NEET syllabus.

Is earthworm and frog in NEET syllabus?

Not earthworm, but frog is included in the NEET syllabus. In the chapter Structural Organisation in Animals, there is only a brief account on the morphology, anatomy and function of different systems i. e digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive system of an insect and a frog.

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