The concepts understanding is the key requirement to clear an exam like JEE and NEET. To learn concepts well, along with the theory you also need to practice lots of problems. Let’s see one of the effective way to learn and understand any concept or topic in JEE/NEET preparation.
This is called Feynman Technique, coined after the name of Richard Feynman, a Nobel Prize winning physicist. The Feynman Technique helps you learn anything faster by honestly identifying gaps in your understanding of any concept.
Steps of Feynman Technique for In-Depth Understanding of any Concept or Topic
After the below four steps, you will able to understand concepts or topics more deeply and better retain the information for tests and examination.
Step 1: Identify the concept
The first step is to choose the concept you want to understand. Take a sheet of paper and write the name of the concept, which you want to learn, at the top of that page.
Step 2: Explain in plain simple language
Now, start explaining the concept in your own words as if you were teaching it to someone else, your friend or other student. Don’t use the complicated words or terms that you have read in your books or study material. You have to explain the concept in plain simple language.
Don’t limit your explanation to a simple definition or a broad overview, give examples to ensure you can put the concept into action.
Step 3: Review the Gap
In this step, you need to review your explanation honestly. Here you will identify the areas where you didn’t know something completely or where you feel your explanation was wavering or not clear. Here, you have to stop, and go back to the book or study material, or notes prepared for learning the concept, to re-read and re-learn it.
Step 4: Re-organize and Summarize
Once you have clearly understood the missing concepts, then you need to again explain those concepts in as plain language as you can. If there are still any areas in your explanation where you’ve still used complex language, challenge yourself to rewrite these sections in simpler terms.
Isn’t the Feynman Technique same as taking notes in simple language?
Maybe yes. But taking notes is proof of reading, like class notes, for example.
When you make notes in simple language, with examples and diagrams, which comes out from your own understanding of concept, then it’s more like the above technique.
The Feynman Technique is useful for learning a new concept (no matter how difficult or complicated), understanding an existing concept better, studying more effectively, or preparing yourself for discussions on any topic in the syllabus.
Go and try this technique to understand a concept or topic.
Hope it helps.